Friday, 14 November 2014

The COA trans-gender ruling must be appealed, lets keep calm and pray to Allah for the best

Baru baru baru ini Mahkamah Rayuan Malaysia yang dipengerusikan Hakim Datuk Mohd Hishamudin Mohd Yunus, memutuskan Seksyen 66 Enakmen Jenayah Syariah (Negeri Sembilan) 1992 adalah tidak sah di sisi perlembagaan kerana ia mendiskriminasi lelaki Islam yang menghidapi keadaan dikenali masalah identiti gender (GID) dari segi perubatan.

The decision by the COA received a lot of attention even by the former Chief Judge Tun Abdul Hamid who thinks it has far and wider implication to Syariah Laws in Malaysia:



Read Tun Abdul Hamid's post in full here

Read also lawyer Azril Mohd Amin's Media Statement as follows:

Kenyataan Media CENTHRA 12 November 2014
November 12, 2014
By Azril Mohd Amin

PENDIRIAN BERHUBUNG KEPUTUSAN PENGHAKIMAN ENAKMEN JENAYAH SYARIAH NEGERI SEMBILAN (SEKSYEN 66)

Hujah-hujah penghakiman ringkas yang dikemukakan oleh Hakim Mahkamah Rayuan, Dato’ Mohd Hishamudin Yunus pada 7 November lalu pada memutuskan bahawa Seksyen 66, Enakmen Jenayah Syariah Negeri Sembilan 1992 sebagai tidak keperlembagaan (unconstitutional) telah memeranjatkan banyak pihak sama ada di kalangan ahli-ahli agama, para pengamal undang-undang termasuk juga pemimpin masyarakat Islam tanahair. Keseluruhan hujah-hujah penghakiman Dato’ Mohd Hishamudin Yunus telah disandarkan pada tafsiran terpilih dan terhad beliau terhadap Bahagian Kedua Perlembagaan Persekutuan – Kebebasan Asasi – meliputi Perkara 5 (Kebebasan Diri), Perkara 8 (Kesamarataan), Perkara 9 (Kebebasan Bergerak) dan Perkara 10 (Kebebasan Bercakap).

Adalah menjadi sesuatu yang menggusarkan apabila penghakiman tersebut tidak mengambil kira sekurang-kurangnya tiga hal utama yang jelas termaktub dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan dalam merumuskan hujah-hujah penghakiman, sehingga dibimbangi akan menjadi titik-tolak pada penerimaan amalan-amalan hak asasi liberal Barat yang tidak sesuai dengan budaya masyarakat negara kita dan bertentangan pula dengan ajaran-ajaran agama Islam. Pertama, rujukan langsung tidak dibuat kepada Bahagian Pertama Fasal 3, Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang dengan jelas memperincikan kedudukan Islam sebagai Agama Persekutuan yang menjadi rujukan utama dalam penghakiman yang melibatkan hal-hal mengenai Islam dan orang Islam.

Kedua, penghakiman tersebut juga tidak mempertimbangkan kuasa yang dimiliki oleh Negeri-Negeri Persekutuan pada Jadual Kesembilan Senarai II Perlembagaan Persekutuan dalam membuat undang-undang, lebih-lebih lagi undang-undang yang berhubungan dengan pentadbiran dan perlaksanaan Agama Islam di Negeri-Negeri tersebut.

Ketiga, penghakiman tersebut juga tidak mempertimbangkan kedudukan dan kebebasan Mahkamah Syariah seperti yang diperuntukkan dalam Perkara 121 (1A) Perlembagaan Persekutuan dalam melaksanakan penghakiman terhadap kesalahan-kesalahan Syariah yang terletak di bawah kuasa Negeri-Negeri. Adalah tidak wajar perkara-perkara besar ini, yang menjadi asas pembinaan dan amalan undang-undang di Malaysia, untuk diabaikan dalam hujah-hujah penghakiman tersebut.

Dalam konteks dunia pascamoden hari ini, hujah-hujah penghakiman yang berdasarkan faham hak-hak asasi manusia liberal Barat khususnya dalam penyebarluasan ekspresi gender songsang yang sememangnya menjadi sebahagian penting dalam norma-norma masyarakat Barat ketika ini dalam konteks sosio-budaya masyarakat Malaysia sangatlah dikesalkan. Sebagai sebuah negara yang menjunjung tinggi peranan agama dalam kehidupan khususnya Agama Islam yang menjadi Agama Persekutuan bagi Negara Malaysia, sebarang bentuk kebenaran atau penggalakkan fenomena ekspresi gender songsang hanya akan mengundang gejala akhlak yang lebih buruk kepada masyarakat. Hak asasi manusia seperti yang dilaungkan di Barat bukanlah semesti hak asasi yang patut diikuti di negara-negara yang masih mengamalkan agama seperti Malaysia ini.

Penelitian terhadap alasan penghakiman Mahkamah Rayuan menunjukkan bahawa duluan-duluan yang diputuskan oleh mahkamah-mahkamah asing, antaranya Mahkamah Agung India dalam National Legal Services Authority v Union of India and Others dan Mahkamah Agung Amerika Syarikat dalam Tinker v Des Moines Independent Community School District, telah diambil dan diguna pakai, hampir secara in-toto, bagi memutuskan bahawa seksyen 66 Enakmen Jenayah Syariah Negeri Sembilan 1992 sebagai bercanggah dengan perlembagaan dan hak asasi. Sedangkan negara-negara seperti India dan Amerika tidaklah mempunyai Agama Persekutuan seperti di Malaysia. 

Hal ini jelas bertentangan dengan peringatan keras yang pernah diungkapkan oleh Almarhum Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Azlan Shah (ketika itu Raja Azlan Shah) dalam penghakimannya di Mahkamah Persekutuan pada tahun 1975. Dalam Looh Kooi Choon v Kerajaan Malaysia, baginda telah memutuskan seperti berikut:

Sungguhpun banyak yang boleh diperkatakan berkenaan Perlembagaan-Perlembagaan dari negara lain, tetapi hakikatnya Perlembagaan negara kita hendaklah berdiri pada kakinya sendiri, di mana ungkapan-ungkapan yang terkandung di dalamnya mesti ditafsirkan tanpa membenarkan unsur-unsur luar dari Perlembagaan negara lain mengatasi peruntukan-peruntukan dalam Perlembagaan kita sendiri.” (terjemahan dari teks asal berbahasa Inggeris)

Justeru para hakim juga tidak terkecuali dari amanah dan tanggungjawab untuk memastikan gejala-gejala buruk ini menular ke dalam negara ini melalui keputusan penghakiman yang bukan sahaja tidak menepati norma-norma masyarakat setempat malah mengabaikan ruh dan semangat yang terkandung dalam Perkara-Perkara penting Perlembagaan Persekutuan sepertimana yang dinyatakan sebelum ini.

Kita menghormati badan kehakiman sebagai institusi yang berautoriti bagi memutuskan sesuatu pertikaian undang-undang dan Perlembagaan. Maka dengan itu kita berharap dan menggesa agar keputusan Mahkamah Rayuan ini akan segara dirayu ke Mahkamah Persekutuan, supaya dapat dipertimbangkan dan dinilai semula akan segala percanggahan-percanggahan dan kekhilafan-kekhilafan yang mungkin terkandung dalam Penghakiman Mahkamah Rayuan tersebut.

AZRIL MOHD AMIN ialah Pengarah Eksekutif, Pusat Penyelidikan dan Advokasi Hak Asasi Manusia (CENTHRA)

The matter will definitely go to the highest Court in the land, the Federal Court. Lets see what the YAA Federal Court Judges decide then, to agree with the Court of Appeal or otherwise. Based on the commenters above I hope they would set aside the findings of the COA. 

In the mean time lets not make statements that would inflame the situation, lets keep calm and pray to ALLAH for the best outcome.

Friday, 7 November 2014

The Gomen and the residents of Cameron Highlands ought to get their act together to avert another #BanjirRinglet2014

Another Flood Tragedy in Ringlet 2014 about a year from the 2013 flooding:





After the October 2013 flooding the Star carried this article on November 4, 2013...which showed that TNB is fighting a losing battle for a long time against nature, land clearing and logging, haphazard farming methods and rubbish being thrown in the river finding its way to the lake:



EXCLUSIVE: CAMERON HIGHLANDS: The Sultan Abu Bakar hydroelectric dam reservoir is a major flood disaster waiting to happen.
Reckless farming practices over the years have caused major silting and rubbish to clog up the dam, taking a toll on the structure.
It can only hold up to a third of its maximum capacity now – a mere 1.5 million cubic metres instead of a maximum 4.6 million cubic metres.
This means excess water in the reservoir, known as Lake Ringlet, could reach the danger level more quickly than planned for, especially in the event of downpours.
At that point, the water would be released either manually in controlled stages or automatically if it reached the dam’s maximum overflow point.
This would endanger the settlements in the valley below, depending on how much water is released and the speed at which it flows down.


There is also another report on November 15, 2013 by Floodlist:



The Cameron Highlands region in west central Malaysia was developed as a ‘hill station’ or high elevation holiday resort/retreat in the 1930’s by colonial officials, following the establishment of an agricultural research station there in 1925. Apart from being a retreat for bureaucrats from the heat of summer in the lowlands, the area was found to be suitable for growing tea and fruit.

Following independence in 1957, the Lake Ringlet reservoir (part of the Sultan Abu Bakar Dam) on the Sundai (River) Bertam was commissioned in 1963 as part of the 262MW Cameron Highlands-Batang Padang Hydro-electric Scheme. The Dam is 39.6m high and impounds water from a 183 square km catchment in the highlands.

The dam, with its four spillways, is one of the oldest in the country. Water from the dam is normally channeled via a tunnel to an underground power station further downstream. In order to protect the river banks that hold the dam wall in place from rapid erosion caused by overtopping of the water, and potential catastrophic failure of the dam, the four spillway doors are designed to open automatically when the water level rises beyond the safety limit. Since this would release a large amount of water into the river below, it is standard operating procedure to open one gate at a time as the water level rises, after sounding warning sirens to alert residents in the valley below the wall. Sequential opening of spillway doors reduces the amount of water being released from the reservoir, in order to reduce the risk of flooding.

In October 2013, flash-flooding in the catchment of the Ringlet reservoir coupled with existing siltation resulted in a rapid rise in the water level, necessitating such a step. Unfortunately, even the controlled release of water resulted in the flooding of 100 houses in the village Kg Bertam Valley on the Sundai Bertam below the dam, and led to the death of four people.

The release of water was implemented according to standard operating procedure, so why did it cause such calamity?

In reality there are a number of contributing factors. 

These include a more rapid rise in water level than usual, owing to deforestation, 

increasingly intensive agricultural activities and in some cases poorly managed agricultural practices in the dam’s catchment area. 

This is coupled with poor land use practices and the encroachment of urban development into the flood plain below the dam.

Siltation and increased run–off has been an ongoing concern at Ringlet for some years. TNB Cameron Highlands Power Stations General Manager Mustafa Hashim has stated that the Ringlet reservoir’s water holding capacity has greatly decreased due to the high volume of rubbish, sand and silt sediment on the lake floor, and that siltation over the years from land clearing in the Cameron Highlands has resulted in the need for a near-continuous de-silting programme. He stated that TNB, the electricity supply authority, had spent some RM80 million (US$25m) worth on dredging sediment material, an operation carried out once every five years. It also spent another RM20 million (US$6.25m) on annual maintenance works. Mustafa, who has been working at the Cameron Highlands since 2011, said the water level in the dam had also risen rapidly due to the presence of the white plastic sheets seen in farms all over Cameron Highlands, adding that these caused the rainwater to flow swiftly into the rivers without first being filtered by the ground. 

Read the article in full  here.

This what I wrote in my blog on October 25, 2013:

The mud flood at Cameron Highland, need more done to avert future tragedies (updated 29.10.2013)


This is a report by Floodlist dated July 11, 2014 a few months before the latest Ringlet flooding in November this year:

Flood Risk Prompts Malaysia to Tackle Illegal Deforestation

Cameron Highlands - tea and forest. Photo:  Khairil Yusof
Cameron Highlands – tea and forest. Photo: Khairil Yusof

Lake Ringlet Flood Disaster, 2013

The Cameron Highlands is also know for the Lake Ringlet flood disaster of 2013. In October that year, flash-flooding in the catchment of the Lake Ringlet reservoir, coupled with existing siltation resulted in a rapid rise in the water level of the reservoir. Authorities believed a controlled release of water was necessary. Sadly this resulted in the flooding of 100 houses as the water ripped through the village Kg Bertam Valley on the Sundai Bertam below the dam. Four people were killed.
Car and flood debris. Photo Credit FMT
Car and flood debris. Photo Credit FMT

Illegal Deforestation

Many questions were asked about “What went wrong at Lake Ringlet?“.
With some similarities to the flood disaster of Uttarakhand (see Why Uttarakhand? that had occurred in India just a few months earlier, one of the reasons the Lake Ringlet flood was so rapid and severe was soil erosion caused by illegal tree felling and deforestation.
In his article for FloodList about the Lake Ringlet disaster, Ed Hill said:
As far back as mid-2012, the group Regional Environmental Awareness Cameron Highlands (REACH) began raising the alarm about deforestation in the area. In an October 2012 report, REACH president R. Ramakrishnan said he had submitted a letter in August 2012 to Pahang Mentri Besar (Chief Minister) Datuk Seri Adnan Yaakob, complaining about clearing of land in Pahang. He believed that most of the clearings were illegal. Even if permits had been issued in some cases, he added, the conditions were not being adhered to in accordance with the Land Conservation Act 1960.
Rampant tree felling seems to have been going on for several months before this despite authorities seizing heavy equipment including backhoes and excavators, with the culprits working at night deep in the forests.
Example of deforested hillsides in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. Photo: Kelantan
Example of deforested hillsides in the Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. Photo: Kelantan

New Instances of Illegal Land Clearing in Cameron Highlands

In the wake of the Lake Ringlet flood (2013), authorities did all they could to end illegal deforestation in the area. Sadly it seems the halt was temporary. Several new illegal land clearing sites have recently been detected this year at the Blue Valley-Kampung Raja border, Kuala Terla, Brinchang and 49 Miles areas. Much of the forest in these areas are all on on Pahang government land. According to local eye witnesses, the illegal foresters even put up “no trespassing” signs while moving in various bits of heavy machinery. Local farmers know when work on a new illegal clearance is taking place as it causes muddy water to flow into their farms whenever it rained. The trees that used to prevent the mud and water flow are now gone.

Government Action

Reports and complaints by local farmers (many farmers suffered in the Lake Ringlet floods) have now prompted Natural Resources and Environment Minister Datuk Seri G. Palanivel to visit the area and order an investigation. The Minister took a helicopter ride over the region where he could see for himself the severity of the land clearances.
In response, Palanivel now aims to set up training bases on the highlands for “RELA Corps” (Ikatan Relawan Rakyat Malaysia / Volunteers of Malaysian People), army and law enforcement agencies.
The newly-cleared sites will also be rehabilitated, although it is not certain how long this will take and how much damage, including soil erosion, has already been done.
In response to the renewed illegal deforestation activities in the Cameron Highlands, Professor Madya Dr Tajul Anuar Jamaluddin of The National University of Malaysia told Bernama:
“This area is hilly and so the likely occurrence of soil erosion or landslides is very high if illegal tree felling continues.
“This is because there are no more undergrowth to act as a soil binder to strengthen the soil in the area,”
Deforestation may not be the sole cause of floods, but it amplifies flood risk and severity, particularly in hilly regions of the developing world. According to Tajul, plant and tree roots stabilise slopes by binding the soil particles and also aid soil drainage.
Read the article  in full here.
My Thots:
No time to point fingers, Government and the residents of Cameron Highland must act now or more lives will be lost in the coming heavy rain seasons. We just can't disturb nature expecting nothing will happen to us.

Wednesday, 5 November 2014

Too much anger in the AG decision not to prosecute Ibrahim, Lets Keep Calm and move on

I think there has been too much anger and complaints on the Peguam Negara decision not to prosecute Ibrahim Ali, despite the unprecedented in-depth explanation as posted in the M'kini article:

'Kenyataan Ibrahim Ali tiada kecenderungan menghasut'

We even have Cabinet Ministers, MPs from both side of the divide particularly MPs from the DAP,  joining in their condemnation of the Peguam Negara decision not to prosecute Ibrahim Ali for the reasons that he has given. 

For now I am leaning to think that they genuinely wanted justice to be seen to be done as they strongly believe that Ibrahim Ali is wrong for saying what he said. 

OK, everybody have said their piece and I am quite sure the Peguam Negara won't budge even if the Prime Minister said his piece. So what else to do? 

I really think this has to stop. Do you people want to see Malaysia burn? I am sure not. So Lets move on.

Talking about the word ALLAH, For the Christians of Sabah and Sarawak who have been using the word ALLAH in their AlKitabs, maybe you ought to read this FB posting by Ms Lim Sian See (FB link provided):

Dear DAP and PKR politicians,

I hereby give you a red-card and ban you from talking about the "Kalimah Allah" issue and pretending that you are "protecting" the interests of the Christians in Sabah and Sarawak.


Firstly, under Federal Govt's ten points solution, non-Muslims in Sabah and Sarawak has the right to use "Allah".

Secondly, Sabah and Sarawak has the 18/20 points agreement when they joined with Malaysia where Point 1 itself says that clearly.
"While there was no objection to Islam being the national religion of Malaysia, there should be no State religion in North Borneo, and the provisions relating to Islam in the present Constitution of Malaya should not apply to North Borneo"

Thirdly, there is a court ruling in Malaysia that has ruled that non-Muslims in Malaysia (specifically peninsular Malaysia) that said that non-Muslims cannot use the "Allah" word.

Do you really want Federal Govt to ignore the court ruling or do you think that the Federal govt control the courts? Have you heard of judicial independence and separation of powers? It was not Federal govt or UMNO-BN who put this ban, it was the court of law!

Therefore, based on all the 3 points above, the Christians in Sabah and Sarawak does not need you to protect their interest. They are already protected.

However, this red-card to DAP and PKR CAN be revoked if DAP and PKR can do the following: two points.

1) GET your Pakatan partner, PAS to agree in writing that non-Muslims can use "Allah" in peninsular Malaysia coz they don't seem to agree with this:
See for yourself: http://tinyurl.com/oyrcjx7 or read: http://tinyurl.com/lsyulnu

2) USE your two-third majorities in Penang and Selangor to abolish your state laws prohibiting the use of "Allah" in these two states.

Specifically the Selangor Non-Islamic Religions (Control of Propagation Among Muslims) Enactment 1988.

And also the Penang Islamic Religious Administration Enactment 2004 where your Penang Mufti got the 40 words banned to be published in 2010 State Gazette and hence the decree was enforced on April 29, 2010. under the watch of Lim Guan Eng and the DAP govt. http://tinyurl.com/loydj48

So far, Lim Guan Eng has absolutely refused to comment on this despite many people including Karpal Singh asking him to do so.

Anwar in helping to defend the silent Lim Guan Eng even said " the enactment, including the usage of the word ‘Allah’, has never been a problem."

Read Anwar's lame defending of Lim Guan Eng on this issue:http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/252067

Even if the Federal Courts over-turned the "Kalimah Allah" ban nationwide, the words still cannot be used in Kelantan, Penang and Selangor because your various state laws forbid it.

Therefore, DAP and PKR, please don't be hypocrites and lead by example. Use your 2/3 majority in the 3 state govts to abolish your various state law first before you want to comment on the same issue in Sabah and Sarawak.

Friends just beware of those among us who seemed to champion certain issues but are actually instigating hate between us for political gains.

Tuesday, 4 November 2014

Memalaysiakan' semangat sistem pendidikan SJKC - KU SEMAN KU HUSSAIN (with English translation)

Not long ago, last week actually, Ku Seman Ku Hussain wrote an article in Utusan Malaysia highlighting the polarising effect of vernacular schools and mentioned  a survey conducted by a local scholar, Prof. Dr. Teo Kok Seong, which found that 604 trainees (Chinese and Indians) out of 14,000 trainees in 79 camps in the National Service Training Program (NSTP) in 2010 could not speak Malay, to emphasise his point.

En. Ku Seman's original post is in Malay but I have tried to translate it to English too.

Here is the Original post by En. Ku Seman:

Memalaysiakan' semangat sistem pendidikan SJKC
Oleh: KU SEMAN KU HUSSAIN
Oktober 26, 2014

Apabila Timbalan Ketua UMNO Bahagian Petaling Jaya Utara, Mohamad Azli Mohemed Saad mencadangkan supaya isu Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina (SJKC) dibincangkan di Perhimpunan Agung UMNO November ini, ada pihak tertentu menganggap beliau menghasut. Tetapi saya melihat Mohamad Azli jujur dan realistik tentang bahaya SJKC dalam konteks hubungan kaum dan ini tidak boleh ditutup lagi.

Selama ini pun banyak pihak sedar bahawa SJKC menjadi pemangkin melebarkan jurang kaum khususnya antara Cina dan kaum teras iaitu Melayu. Tetapi kerana menjaga kepentingan politik, tidak ada pihak yang berani atau sanggup memalaysiakan sistem pendidikan SJKC. Kononnya SJKC tidak boleh dicuit kerana boleh menjejaskan kelangsungan politik Barisan Nasional (BN).

Sebenarnya kita pula telah lama 'berkorban' membiarkan jurang kaum melebar kerana mengharapkan keuntungan politik yang tidak pasti. Walau apa sekalipun hakikatnya tidak ada negara yang mengizinkan generasi muda Cina diasingkan daripada budaya kaum teras melalui sekolah vernakular. Tidak ada. Di Singapura yang dianggap 'negara Cina' juga tidak ada sekolah vernakular.

Saya sangat bersetuju dengan Menteri Dalam Negeri, Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi yang bercakap atas kapasiti peribadi bahawa sudah tiba masanya dilaksanakan sekolah satu aliran. Tetapi apabila melihat beberapa perkembangan politik muktahir, saya tidak fikir kerajaan serius memikirkan gagasan sekolah satu aliran. Apa lagi persatuan Cina, Dong Zong yang cauvinis mendesak kerajaan mengiktirafkan Sijil Sekolah Menengah Cina. Apakah ini juga akan menjadi kenyataan?
Kajian

Dalam satu kajian yang dibuat oleh sarjana tempatan, Prof. Dr. Teo Kok Seong mendapati 604 pelatih (Cina dan India) daripada 14,000 pelatih di 79 kem Program Latihan Khidmat Negara (PLKN) tahun 2010 tidak boleh bertutur bahasa Melayu. Nisbahnya sangat besar dan inilah 'sumbangan' sekolah vernakular dalam konteks perpaduan yang kita laung-laungkan. Nampaknya puak 604 orang ini jauh lebih buruk daripada orang Bangladesh yang baru tiga bulan sudah boleh berbahasa Melayu.

Bagi saya isu SJKC sudah lapuk. Ia menjadi lapuk kerana tidak ada ruang untuk dibahaskan di pentas intelektual. Semua ruang penuh dengan prejudis dan kepentingan politik. Sekolah vernakular yang terus wujud dan diberi bantuan kewangan adalah suatu yang sangat tidak masuk akal. Tetapi bagi Zong Dong peruntukkan untuk SJKC masih belum cukup. Ini lagi tidak masuk akal.

SJKC menjadi pemangkin kepada sebahagian besar orang Cina yang memilih pengasingan atau mengasingkan diri daripada menerima sosio-budaya etnik Melayu. Pengasingan ini berlaku secara besar-besaran terutama apabila pengaruh politik Cina yang semakin besar pada pasca Pilihan Raya Umum Ke -12 (PRU-12). Malah parti politik Cina yang bertentangan ideologi boleh duduk semeja mempertahankan SJKC. Tidak adakah dalam kalangan pembuat dasar yang boleh membaca mesej ini?

Barangkali ini ada kaitan dengan sejarah silam abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20 dulu ketika nenek moyang kaum Cina yang ada di negara ini datang dari China. Pada awal abad ke-19, berlaku pergolakan politik yang hebat di China dan etnik Han yang menjadi majoriti di negara itu mencari tempat lain yang lebih aman serta dapat menambah kekayaan.

Etnik Han di utara China mencari penempatan baharu dan kebanyakan mereka terdiri daripada golongan kaya dan bangsawan. Mereka tidak boleh lagi meneruskan hidup dengan mewah akibat ditekan oleh Manchuria serta peperangan dengan Jepun atau Sino-Japanese War. Etnik dari utara ini memilih untuk berhijrah ke Amerika Syarikat (AS) dan negara-negara Eropah.

Sementara etnik Han di selatan pula memilih Asia Tenggara termasuk Tanah Melayu. Tetapi hasrat mereka berhijrah dengan etnik di utara berbeza. Mereka berhijrah untuk mencari kekayaan dan bukan untuk menetap di Tanah Melayu pada mulanya. Mereka berhasrat untuk pulang ke China suatu masa nanti dengan membawa kekayaan yang diraih di Tanah Melayu.

Saya ada membaca tentang Ru Xiang Sui Su, satu falsafah Cina yang mengingatkan supaya orang yang datang dari luar milieu setempat menyesuaikan diri dengan budaya dan sosial di tempat baharu itu. Inilah yang menjadi pegangan generasi awal Cina yang berhijrah ke Amerika Syarikat (AS) dan dan negara-negara Eropah.

Tetapi malangnya sesetengah orang Cina di negara ini tidak lagi berpegang kepada falsafah Ru Xiang Sui Su ini. Mungkin dianggap lapuk dan menghakis 'kecinaan' mereka. Hasilnya mereka sengaja tidak mahu menyesuaikan diri dengan budaya kaum teras di negara ini. SJKC menjadi benteng supaya orang Cina tidak diserapi milieu sosial yang berbeza dengan tanah asal nenek moyang mereka.

Saya sangat berharap isu jurang kaum ini dapat ditangani dengan penuh hemah, bertanggungjawab dan mengetepikan kepentingan politik. Kerajaan wajar menegaskan bahawa isu SJKC bukan satu tindakan politik dan tidak harus dibiarkan pihak tertentu membina persepsi ke arah itu. Kali ini isu SJKC menjadi tanda aras kesungguhan kita sama ada mengutamakan perpaduan bangsa Malaysia atau terus hipokrit untuk kepentingan politik.

Translation to English (caution: may not be as accurate as the original post in Malay):

"Malaysianising the spirit of SJKC education system

When Petaling Jaya UMNO Deputy Division Head, Mohamad Saad Aziz Mohemed suggested that the issue of Chinese National Type Schools (SJKC) be discussed in the General Assembly (UMNO) this November, there were certain parties who thought he was trying to instigate hate. But I saw Mohamad Aziz as being honest and realistic about the dangers of SJKC's in the context of race relations that cannot be swept under the carpet any longer. As now, many people are realising that SJKCs are  catalysing the widening racial gap particularly between the  Chinese  minority and the Malay majority. 

But because of political interests, no one dared or could Malaysianise the SJKC education system. Supposedly SJKCs cannot be touched because doing so would affect the political survival of the Barisan Nasional (BN). 

Actually, we  have long 'sacrifice' to let the gap widen expecting uncertain political benefits. Whatever it is,  no country  allows its younger generation of ethnic Chinese to remain  isolated from the majority population through the vernacular schools. None. Singapore which is considered a 'Chinese nation' has no vernacular schools. 

I strongly agree with the Menteri Dalam Negeri, Dr. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, who spoke in his personal capacity that it is time for One School(system) to be implemented. But when you observe some of the current political developments, I do not think the government is seriously considering the idea of ​​One School. What is actually happening is that Chinese associations like the chauvinist Dong Zong is now urging the government to recognize the Chinese Secondary School Certificate (Taiwan Curriculum). Will this become a reality? 

Study 

In a survey conducted by a local scholar, Prof. Dr. Teo Kok Seong, it was found that 604 trainees (Chinese and Indians) out of 14,000 trainees in 79 camps in the National Service Training Program (NSTP) in 2010 could not speak Malay. This ratio is very large, and this is the 'contribution' of vernacular schools in the context of unity that we so much take pride in. It seems that the 604 trainees are much worse off than the Bangladeshi who are here for just three months but can already speak Malay. 

For me the issue of SJKCs is outdated. It is outdated because there are no more room for debate on the issue on an intellectual platform. All rooms are full of prejudices and political interests. Vernacular schools, which continues to exist and given financial assistance is  not logical. But for Dong Zong those provisions for SJKCs are still not enough. 

SJKCs are catalyst for most Chinese who choose seclusion or separation, from accepting the socio-culture of the majority ethnic Malays. This separation occurs on a large scale, especially with the growing  political influence of the Chinese post--12 General Election (GE-12). Even the different Chinese political party with different conflicting ideology can sit together and defend the SJKCs. Isn't any one there among the national policymakers who can see what is going on? 

Perhaps this has to do with the history of the 19th century and early 20th century when the ancestors of the Chinese people in this country come from China. In the early 19th century, there was great political upheaval in China and the ethnic Han majority in the country needed to find another place that is safe and prosperous for them. 

Ethnic Han Chinese from settlements in northern China are mostly  made ​​up of the rich aristocrat. They can no longer continue to live in luxury because of pressure from Manchuria and war with Japan or the Sino-Japanese War. Ethnic groups from the north chose to immigrate to the United States (US) and European countries. 

While ethnic Han in the south  chose Southeast Asia, including Malaya. But their desire to migrate is different from the ethnic groups in the north. In the beginning they migrate to find wealth and not to settle in Malaya. They intend to return to China someday to bring wealth gained in Malaya. 

I have read about Ru Xiang Sui Su, a Chinese philosopher who warned that those who come from outside the local milieu to adapt to the cultural and social development in the new place. This was practised by the first generation of Chinese who immigrated to the United States (US) and European countries. 

Unfortunately, some of the Chinese in this country are no longer adhering to the philosophy of the Ru Xiang Sui Su. It may be considered obsolete and could erode the 'Chineseness' in them. As a result, they intentionally did not want to adapt to the core culture of  this country. SJKCs is like a fortress for some Chinese people who do not want to be permeated with different social milieu to that of the land of their ancestors. 

I really hope the issue of racial polarisation can be addressed with the utmost courtesy, responsibility and putting political interests aside. The government should insist that the issue is not a political action against SJKCs and certain parties should not be allowed to build that mis-perception. This time the  SJKC issue will benchmark our determination whether to prioritize unity of Bangsa Malaysia or carry on with the political hypocrisy."

Despite what the PM say, the vernacular schools are not protected by the Perlembagaan only the right to learn one's mother tongue is protected. Having citizens who cannot speak the official language of Malaysia will be disastrous for Malaysia. I agree, we really need to re-look the issue of vernacular schools through the eyes of national unity not narrow political interests. 

Make no mistake though the SJKCs are here to stay, but I agree its time we ought to consider Malaysianising the spirit of SJKC education system. 

Wednesday, 29 October 2014

The AG has spoken on the Ibrahim Ali Al-Kitab issue, so has Dr. Mahathir and Lim Kit Siang..lets move on

The AG has finally responded to the Ibrahim Ali AlKitab burning issue:

'Kenyataan Ibrahim Ali tiada kecenderungan menghasut'
4:00PM Oct 27, 2014

Jabatan Peguam Negara hari ini tampil memberi penjelasan bahawa kenyataan yang dibuat oleh Datuk Ibrahim Ali untuk membakar Bible bahasa Melayu, tidak terjatuh di bawah lingkungan definisi kecenderungan menghasut di bawah Akta Hasutan 1948. 

"Sebagaimana yang telah diputuskan oleh mahkamah, sebelum sesuatu kenyataan itu dikatakan mempunyai kecenderungan menghasut, kenyataan itu hendaklah dilihat secara keseluruhan dan tidak boleh dipisahkan daripada konteks di mana ia dibuat.

"Datuk Ibrahim Ali membuat kenyataan itu di dalam konteks kejadian di SMK Jelutong.

"Apabila dikaji di dalam konteksnya secara keseluruhan, kenyataan Datuk Ibrahim Ali tidak tergolong sebagai kecenderungan menghasut," katanya dalam satu kenyataan.

Menurut kenyataan itu lagi, jelas Ibrahim bukan berniat untuk menimbulkan kekecohan keagamaan tetapi hanyalah untuk mempertahankan kesucian agama Islam.

Berikut adalah kenyataan penuh Jabatan Peguam Negara:

Pada 21 Januari 2013, satu laporan polis telah dibuat melalui Bukit Tengah Repot: 856/2013 berkenaan kenyataan yang dikatakan dibuat oleh Dato’ Ibrahim Ali yang menyeru umat Islam untuk merampas dan membakar salinan “Al-Kitab” yang mengandungi penggunaan perkataan Allah atau lain-lain perkataan Arab , dan juga mengandungi tulisan jawi. Kenyataan tersebut telah disiarkan di dalam portal Free Malaysia Today bertarikh 19 Januari 2013 dengan tajuk “Burn Allah Bibles, Perkasa Chief to Muslims”. Kenyataan tersebut telah dibuat di sidang media selepas tamat Konvensyen Perkasa di UITM Pulau Pinang.

Sebelum kenyataan yang dikatakan dibuat oleh Dato’ Ibrahim Ali itu, terdapat laporan media massa berhubung suatu laporan polis melalui Jelutong Repot: 552/13 tentang suatu kejadian pengedaran Bible kepada golongan pelajar di SMK Jelutong, Pulau Pinang. Pada 17 Januari 2013 jam 1.00 petang, tiga orang lelaki Cina dikatakan telah mengedarkan sejumlah Bible (bersaiz poket dalam Bahasa Inggeris) kepada pelajar-pelajar SMK Jelutong, termasuk pelajar-pelajar beragama Islam di hadapan Sekolah berkenaan.

Susulan daripada kedua-dua laporan polis di atas, tindakan penyiasatan telah diambil oleh pihak Polis Diraja Malaysia. Kertas siasatan yang dibuka telah diklasifikasikan di bawah Seksyen 298A Kanun Keseksaan dan telah dirujuk kepada Jabatan Peguam Negara untuk keputusan lanjut. 

Pada 17 September 2013, kertas siasatan berhubung pengedaran Bible seperti di dalam Jelutong Repot: 552/13 telah dirujuk kepada Jabatan Peguam Negara. Kertas siasatan tersebut telah dikaji dan keputusan diberikan supaya kes ditutup (NFA) atas alasan bahawa tiada keterangan yang kukuh untuk menunjukkan Bible tersebut dikehendaki diedarkan kepada pelajar Melayu sahaja. Apa yang berlaku adalah sesiapa sahaja boleh mengambil Bible tersebut daripada suspek-suspek berkenaan.

Siasatan juga menunjukkan suspek-suspek tidak mempunyai niat untuk mengedarkan Bible kepada pelajar Melayu sahaja. Oleh yang demikian, elemen di bawah Seksyen 298A Kanun Keseksaan dan Seksyen 5 Enakmen Kesalahan Jenayah Syariah (Negeri Pulau Pinang) 1996 tidak dapat dipenuhi.

Seterusnya, pada 3 Disember 2013, kertas siasatan berhubung kenyataan Dato’ Ibrahim Ali seperti di dalam Bukit Tengah Repot: 856/2013 telah dirujuk kepada Jabatan Peguam Negara. Kertas siasatan tersebut telah dikaji dan keputusan diberikan supaya kes ditutup (NFA) atas alasan berikut:

(i) kata-kata yang diucapkan oleh Dato’ Ibrahim Ali adalah seperti berikut:

“Emmm.. Diedar seperti semalam, saya menyeru pada orang Melayu yang beragama Islam, rampas....rampas dan bakar. Ini bukan sentimen ataupun nak menimbulkan kekecohan keagamaan tetapi ini mempertahankan kesucian agama Islam yang telah jelas dalam undang-undang. Kita dah nasihat, kita dah merayu, kita dah desak mereka bertanggungjawab mengambil tindakan tetapi masih berlaku, dan kalau terus berlaku, saya hanya mengharap umat Islam rampas dan bakar. That only way. So I hope what happened last night is the last. So that kita nak avoid perkara-perkara yang tidak diingini berlaku. Tapi kalau berterusan, walaupun dia edar kepada aaaa... pelajar-pelajar bukan Islam, tetapi jangan setakat untuk pelajar-pelajar Islam tetapi juga untuk pelajar-pelajar bukan Islam. Walau kalau edar dalam versi bahasa melayu ada kalimah Allah, ada tulisan ayat-ayat jawi seperti semalam, kita akan rampas, kita minta orang Islam rampas dan bakar.”

“Yess...bible hanya perkataan yang apanii.. tulisan jawi yang boleh mengelirukan because tengok yang mengedar semalam pakai baju new testament apa...new testament ni maknanya bible versi baru, so we are kita we are not......for quarrel tapi kita terpaksa mempertahankan agama orang Islam. So untuk menyatakan perkara itu, saya merayu kepada semua pihak terutamanya mereka-mereka yang memang bertanggungjawab ini hentikan perbuatan mereka.

Mereka kena tunjuk itu bible kepada pihak yang bertanggungjawab maknanya yang dibuat dalam bahasa melayu tetapi clear dari segi undang-undang baru boleh edar dan jengan menyentuh hal-hal yang menyentuh sensitiviti umat Islam.”

Kata-kata Dato’ Ibrahim Ali adalah ditujukan kepada kejadian individu-individu yang telah mengedar naskhah Bible yang mengandungi kalimah Allah dan juga tulisan Jawi kepada pelajar-pelajar di SMK Jelutong termasuk pelajar Melayu; dan

(ii) Kenyataan yang dibuat oleh Dato’ Ibrahim Ali tidak terjatuh di bawah lingkungan definisi kecenderungan menghasut di bawah Akta Hasutan 1948. Sebagaimana yang telah diputuskan oleh Mahkamah, sebelum sesuatu kenyataan itu dikatakan mempunyai kecenderungan menghasut, kenyataan itu hendaklah dilihat secara keseluruhan dan tidak boleh dipisahkan daripada konteks di mana ia dibuat. Dato’ Ibrahim Ali membuat kenyataan itu di dalam konteks kejadian di SMK Jelutong.

Apabila dikaji di dalam konteksnya secara keseluruhan kenyataan Dato’ Ibrahim Ali tidak tergolong sebagai kecenderungan menghasut.

Jelas Dato’ Ibrahim Ali bukan berniat untuk menimbulkan kekecohan keagamaan tetapi hanyalah untuk mempertahankan kesucian agama Islam. Hal ini boleh dilihat melalui ucapan beliau berbunyi:

“Ini bukan sentiment ataupun nak menimbulkan kekecohan agama tetapi ini mempertahankan kesucian agama Islam yang telah jelas dalam undang-undang.”

Elemen di bawah Seksyen 504 Kanun Keseksaan juga tidak dipenuhi kerana Dato’ Ibrahim Ali tidak mempunyai niat untuk menghina dan menimbulkan provokasi yang membolehkan ketenteraman awam tergugat.

Tiada juga kesalahan di bawah Seksyen 298 atau 298A Kanun Keseksaan yang telah dilakukan kerana Dato’ Ibrahim Ali jelas mempertahankan kesucian agama Islam. Tindakan pengedaran Bible secara percuma dan terbuka di luar perkarangan SMK Jelutong boleh menggugat akidah pelajar-pelajar Islam yang kurang pengetahuan agama mereka, jika mereka membaca Bible tersebut lebih-lebih lagi apabila ia mengandungi tulisan jawi.

Setelah mengambil kira fakta dan keterangan kedua-dua kes ini, Peguam Negara berpendapat bahawa adalah tidak wajar untuk kedua-dua kes ini dibawa ke Mahkamah.

This is what Dr. Mahathir have to say about the issue:


Whatever it is don't listen to this man he is senile and should retire from politics already:


The AG has spoken and Dr. Mahathir even said the Quran could be burned as long as there are no bad intentions...lets move on from this polemic.

Friday, 24 October 2014

Tidak ada 'pendatang' lagi di negara ini, yang tinggal mereka yang 'mentaliti pendatang' sahja

On the 'pendatang' thingy, I think blogger Aspan Alias says it best:


In our everyday life Malays seldom even use the word pendatang to describe our Chinese and Indian citizens.....mana ada kita cakap kat opis hoi pendatang come to my room for short discussion? Hoi pendatang teh tarik satu...mana ada da.

Why some politicians like to always scrape this word from the bottom of the hate barrel every time they meet is a mystery to me.  Its very archaic you know.

Malaysia would be a much more peaceful haven on earth if we all accept the realities of our surrounding:

1. The Malays/Bumis are an easy going people, who are tolerant beyond believe, who thinks the modern rat race can wait and certainly do not need condescending lectures by our own or others about being left behind on the road to progress whatever that may be. We decide when and how the pace would be like. We like to balance the worldly ways with our spiritual being.

2. The Chinese on the other hand should also accept that their ancestors who came from China are immigrants (pendatang) who are welcomed by the Malays, and you know what?... your ancestors make good in Malaya and as citizens who are born and bred in this country you have prospered in Malaysia. 

3. And please speak Bahasa Melayu when you are in the company of your Malay employees and friends ok..it will go a long way to lessen the suspicions between the races.

The truth is tidak ada pendatang lagi di negara ini, we are all Malaysian citizens warts and all, but the truth is also many of us still have this 'mentaliti pendatang' like what blogger Aspan Alias accurately observed, and until we shed that mentality and continue to listen to divisive politicians, the word pendatang will always be a derogatory term for some of us.

Thank you.

Monday, 20 October 2014

Malays who moved from one island to another in the Malay Archipelago are NOT pendatang


"Perwakilan Gerakan Johor, Tan Lai Soon mengatakan Melayu juga pendatang yang berasal dari Indonesia. Dia kata dia ada baca sejarah, tapi agaknya sekadar baca tapi langsung tak dapat faham!'
Kelab Che Det FB

So let us be clear about the definition of pendatang. All those Malays who moved from one island to another but within the Malay Archipelago are not pendatang. It is just like Malays from Penang moving to Selangor. The cut-off date would be after the different sovereign states were created in the 20th Century.
Raja Petra

In that superficial sense, if anyone wants to say Malay are pendatang from Indonesia, you are as good as saying the Hokkiens are Pendatang in Canton, Beijing people are pendatang in Shanghai, or Kedah in Selangorian are pendatang too.
Tai Zee Kin

Gerakan members dan sewaktu dengan mereka should know the history of Semenanjung Tanah Melayu before they put their foot in their mouth.
Me

Historical lessons for Malaysians who refuse to know the History of Tanah Melayu:

From Facebook Kelab Che Det:


Perwakilan Gerakan Johor, Tan Lai Soon mengatakan Melayu juga pendatang yang berasal dari Indonesia. Dia kata dia ada baca sejarah, tapi agaknya sekadar baca tapi langsung tak dapat faham!

Admin nak sekolahkan sekali lagi orang mcm Tan Lai Soon ni! Dulu pun admin dah post banyak kali pasal sejarah orang Melayu di Malaysia.

Orang Melayu memang merupakan penduduk asal Malaysia (sebelumnya Tanah Melayu) dan kajian arkeologi dan mtDNA mengesahkan kewujudannya di Benua Sunda sejak lebih 60 ribu tahun yang lalu lagi. Tidak timbul soal orang asli merupakan penduduk asal di negara ini kerana pemetaan genetik dan artifak arkeologi juga telah mendapati bahawa masyarakat Orang Asli Semang dan Senoi yang mendiami Benua Sunda adalah merupakan nenek moyang kepada populasi Melayu Proto dan ras Melayu hari ini. Kajian itu telah dibuat oleh penyelidik Universiti Sains Malaysia yang diketuai oleh Prof Madya Dr Zafarina Zainuddin. Kajian mtDNA oleh pakar genetik Universiti Oxford, Dr Stephen Oppenheimer juga mengesahkan tentang perkara ini.

Orang Melayu Kelantan memang telah dibuktikan secara kajian saintifik dan sejarah sudah wujud dan menetap di Semenanjung Tanah Melayu lebih 60 ribu tahun dahulu lagi! Mereka bukan pun berasal dari kepulauan Melayu yang kini merupakan wilayah Indonesia.

Memang sebahagian orang Melayu di Pantai Barat Semenanjung Tanah Melayu berasal dari kepulauan-kepulauan yang kini dalam wilayah Indonesia. Tapi waktu itu, tiada pemisahan sempadan. Orang Melayu boleh berpindah-randah ke mana-mana wilayah mereka kerana dari sudut sejarah sebelum penjajahan, pulau-pulau tersebut seperti Sumatera merupakan wilayah keturunan Melayu juga. Penjajah yang memisahkan wilayah-wilayah Melayu melalui Perjanjian Inggeris-Belanda dan Perjanjian Inggeris-Siam.

Sebahagian besar Sumatera, Singapura, Pattani dan sebagainya sebelum wujud perjanjian penjajah tersebut adalah merupakan wilayah orang keturunan Melayu. Tiada sempadan untuk mereka bergerak sama seperti orang Kelantan atau Kedah berhijrah ke Selangor hari ini!

From Raja Petra's Malaysia Today:


So let us be clear about the definition of pendatang. All those Malays who moved from one island to another but within the Malay Archipelago are not pendatang. It is just like Malays from Penang moving to Selangor. The cut-off date would be after the different sovereign states were created in the 20th Century.
NO HOLDS BARRED
Raja Petra Kamarudin
All the three key races that form Malaysia’s majority — the Malays, Chinese and Indians — are immigrants or pendatangs, even though the Malays, as the country’s dominant ethnic group, are given Bumiputera status, a Gerakan delegate, Tan Lai Soon, said today.
Tan said that supporters of Umno, who have in the past referred to the Chinese as immigrants, did not realise that even the Malays do not originate from Malaysia.
“I want to explain Malaysians’ position. The Malays, Chinese, Indians, are all pendatangs (immigrants) other than the indigenous people, Sabahans, Sarawakians — the original Bumiputera. So when Umno’s people say the Chinese are pendatang, they didn’t think that they are also pendatang from Indonesia,” said Tan.
Actually, Tan is not quite correct because he is looking at Malaysia as a sovereign nation separate from Indonesia, Philippines and Southern Thailand. Those are boundaries created by the European colonialists since the 16th Century. Prior to that, Indonesia, Philippines, Southern Thailand (up to the Isthmus of Kra), Singapore, East Timor and Brunei did not exist. What existed was just the Malay Archipelago.
The Malay Archipelago has been defined as an island group of Southeast Asia between Australia and the Asian mainland and separating the Indian and Pacific oceans. It includes what we now call Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Southern Thailand (up to the Isthmus of Kra), Singapore, East Timor and Brunei.
About 1,400 years ago, at the time of Prophet Muhammad, the Malay Archipelago, the name the Europeans gave this region, was part of the Srivijaya Empire. In the 13th Century, this was replaced by the Majapahit Empire until the 16th Century and still included those countries mentioned.
The language of this region was old Malay, old Javanese and Sanskrit with Buddhism and Hinduism as its main religions.
It was in the 16th Century that the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese started coming to the Malay Archipelago and began dividing up the territory, just like what the Europeans did to the Ottoman Empire after the First World War (and the cause of all those problems in the Middle East today).
Hence it would be incorrect to say that the Malays are pendatang or immigrants, at least not the original Malays of the 600s to 1800s. There was certainly movement of people between the different islands as well as the Malay Peninsula plus Thailand. But these people were not immigrants because this movement was still within the same empire or territory.
When Tan says that the Malays, too, are immigrants to Malaysia, he has to clarify what period he was referring to. The Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States, the Unfederated Malay States and British Borneo did not come into existence until the 19th Century. From then on British Malaya came into being.
For purposes of history, all those people who came to British Malaya since 1850 could be correctly referred to as pendatang or immigrants (the date when the British immigration policy was launched to bring in Chinese and Indians from China and India). Prior to 1850, we cannot call the Malays from Java, Sumatra, etc., as pendatang.
So let us be clear about the definition of pendatang. All those Malays who moved from one island to another but within the Malay Archipelago are not pendatang. It is just like Malays from Penang moving to Selangor. The cut-off date would be after the different sovereign states were created in the 20th Century.
For example, when my family moved to Selangor in the 18th Century, Selangor was not yet part of British Malaya but was an independent territory under Perak control. At that time, the Bugis Johor-Riau Empire controlled that region. It was not until the 19th Century when the British and Dutch signed a treaty in London that the Empire was carved up and eventually ended.
Today, any Bugis from Indonesia who comes to Selangor can be called a pendatang. But in the 18th Century we were not pendatang. That is a historical fact.
*************************************************
The Malay Archipelago is the largest group of islands in the world, consisting of the more than 17,000 islands of Indonesia and the approximately 7,000 islands of the Philippines. The principal islands and groups of the Republic of Indonesia include the Greater Sundas (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Celebes), the Lesser Sundas, the Moluccas, and western New Guinea. The main islands of the Philippines include Luzon (north), Mindanao (south), and the Visayas in between. Other political units in the archipelago are East Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak), Brunei, and Papua New Guinea.
Encyclopædia Britannica
*************************************************
Definition and Boundaries
For reasons which depend mainly on the distribution of animal life, I consider the Malay Archipelago to include the Malay Peninsula as far as Tenasserim and the Nicobar Islands on the west, the Philippines on the north, and the Solomon Islands, beyond New Guinea, on the east. All the great islands included within these limits are connected together by innumerable smaller ones, so that no one of them seems to be distinctly separated from the rest.
By Alfred Russel Wallace, The Malay Archipelago.

From Tai Zee Kin Facebook:

Are Malay pendatang from "INDONESIA"? (Refering to the Gerakan Man's allegation)

If British, Spain, Portugal, and the Netherland did not came and colonize us, I have a feeling that south east Asia will be very different from how it is now.

Firstly, the indo-chinese countries like Myanmar Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand will remain as such due to their long and ancient history being subject/influencee of the Chinese empire and also their own ancient sovereign respectively. Their language are unique to its own and has a little bit of chinese influence here and there.

The intriguing and interesting part would be among Malaysia, Indonesian, Philippines and Bruneians. These were countries forming the "Malay Achipelago", commonly known as Nusantara. They share similiar language and cultural background, being a blend and fusion of (lingual) Sanskrit, Pali, Persian, Arabic, Tamil, Han Chinese, and the local "Malay" languages, as well as the cultural influence of Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, all predated colonial invasion and existed since time immemorial.

The whole idea of "Malaysia" and "Indonesia" was infact a product of the colonial treaty between Britain and Netherlands in 17 March 1824 in London, "Anglo-Dutch Treaty 1824" which sets the boundary of colonial influence between modern day peninsular malaysia (to british) and Indonesia to Netherlands. The Treaty was later updated in 1891 through the Boundary Convention in London, and 1928 in Hague Netherlands.

Take for an instance, if there were only one colonial force instead of two, say Netherland, the whole of Malaya and Indonesia would be Indonesia, under the influence of Netherland colonial strategy. Or vice versa, if it was just British, it could be Brotish-Malaya for all malaysia and Indonesia, as one country. (Lateron, the brooks and the East india company would surrender their sovereign of Sabah and Sarawak to british crown).

I therefore despise this Gerakan man's simplistic view about Malay coming from Indonesia. If he bothered to read up a little on history, there is No Malaya / malaysia or Indonesia before 1824. Not even the slightest sense in terms of nationality wise.

The malay, indonesians were original dweller of the Malay archipelagos. They were all the aboriginal people here. They were descendent of The Jawa, bugis, kattaha, Minangkabau, pahang, orang laut, or orang Asli etc etc. They were here since time immemorial, whether their existence was recorded in any western or chinese journal or not.

Whenever we talk about Indonesia or Malaysia, that's after 1824 and it's not even old enough to ascertain the origin of a tribe or ethnic.

In that superficial sense, if anyone wants to say Malay are pendatang from Indonesia, you are as good as saying the Hokkiens are Pendatang in Canton, Beijing people are pendatang in Shanghai, or Kedah in Selangorian are pendatang too.

Period. Sian.

The following is added reading:

YE LIN SHENG- Penulis buku THE CHINESE DILEMMA..

APA PENULIS KATA BERKENAAN CINA:

1.Pandangan ini adalah dari Ye Lin-Sheng yang berasal dari China tetapi seorang ahli perniagaan di Malaysia, Hong Kong, Australia, Thailand, Singapura, Britain dan Amerika Syarikat. Beliau mempunyai banyak pengalaman yang melibatkan orang Cina di negara yang disenaraikan itu. Tetapi orang Cina di Malaysialah yang paling tidak bersyukur, kejam, serta mengkhianati perjanjian ataupun dipanggil perlembagaan.. Dalam buku Ye Lin-Sheng The Chinese Dilemma (East West Publishing, Australia, 2003), Ye Lin-Sheng menulis:

2. Pengiktirafan orang Cina:
"Orang Cina Malaysia mendapati mereka lebih mudah untuk menerima dominasi oleh orang-orang putih kerana mereka dapat memberi pengiktirafan terhadap kehebatan orang Barat. Tetapi Orang Cina Malaysia amat susah untuk menerima kehebatan orang Melayu kerana perasaan iri hati dan hasad dengki mereka bahawa Malaysia ini milik orang Melayu. Mana mana orang Cina Malaysia sama sekali tidak boleh menerima tentang konsep ketuanan Melayu, mereka percaya bahawa mereka adalah lebih baik" -(Buku The Chinese Dilemma - Ye Lin-Sheng)

3.Keangkuhan orang Cina:
"Keangkuhan orang cina Malaysia telah membuatkan mereka sentiasa memandang rendah terhadap keupayaan orang Melayu, walhal ramai orang Melayu sebenarnya bekerja atau belajar lebih pandai dari kaum cina Malaysia ini. Perkara ini sudah lama saya perhatikan, kerana saya memiliki perniagaan di Malaysia dan telah bercampur dengan orang Cina Malaysia ini. Sikap mereka suka cakap belakang dan tekan orang Melayu adalah menjadi tabiat dan budaya mereka. Mana mana orang Cina Malaysia yang tidak menghina orang Melayu dikatakan kolot dan membelot bangsa cina" -(Buku The Chinese Dilemma - Ye Lin-Sheng)

4.Perkauman orang cina:
"Kejayaan orang Cina Malaysia hanya tercapai jika mereka dapat menindas orang Melayu dalam masa yang sama menggunakan kudrat dan kelebihan orang Melayu. Mereka juga tidak akan mengakui bahawa kepimpinan Melayu adalah sangat mahir, cekap serta bagus dalam pengurusan politik, ekonomi dan sosial. Cina jarang menyifatkan kejayaan Malaysia daripada orang Melayu. Apa yang ada diminda mereka adalah semua kejayaan di Malaysia ini adalah kerana orang Cina. Sebab itu orang Cina yang asal dari China tidak suka bergaul dengan Cina Malaysia kerana sikap mereka yang ekstrim ini. Mereka masih lagi mengamalkan ideologi komunis" -(Buku The Chinese Dilemma - Ye Lin-Sheng)

5. Penghinaan orang Cina:
"Sampai hari ini, sesetengah orang Cina Malaysia masih menggunakan istilah "Menghina" terhadap orang Melayu. Dalam dialek Cina yg tertentu, orang Melayu dipanggil dengan nama yang bermakna ‘orang hutan’ atau ‘orang liar’. Maknanya, Bangsa yang tidak Bertamadun.. Malahan orang Cina yang memeluk Islam dikatakan telah ‘masuk Melayu’. Jarang ibu bapa Cina membenarkan anak mereka menjadi Askar atau Polis kerana anggap itu kerja kotor dan hanya Eksklusif kepada kaum Melayu sahaja.. Mereka sentiasa percaya bahawa budaya dan Tamadun Cina lebih tinggi berbanding Budaya dan Tamadun Melayu termasuklah penggunaan membersihkan diri menggunakan tisu dianggap lebih bertamadun.. Umumnya, orang Cina boleh menerima ‘Ketuanan orang Putih’ kerana menganggap tamadun dan Budaya Barat lebih bagus, tapi tidak terhadap Tamadun Melayu-Bumiputera." -(Buku The Chinese Dilemma - Ye Lin-Sheng)

6.Sikap negatif orang Cina:
"Kejayaan orang Melayu turut dipandang sinis. Ia biasanya dikaitkan dengan bantuan Kerajaan atau hak istimewa yang diberi kepada mereka. Kebanyakan Cina Malaysia sukar menerima hakikat kejayaan Usahawan atau Syarikat2 Melayu.. dimana mereka berniaga secara jujur dan bukan seperti orang Cina berniaga. Jadi sebenarnya majoriti orang Melayu ada peniaga tulen yang jujur dan dicapai menerusi kerja keras mereka. Sikap sebegini sebahagiannya berpunca daripada kesukaran menerima hakikat orang Melayu lebih pandai daripada mereka dan sebahagian lagi bertujuan menunjukkan pencapaian mereka sebagai lebih hebat" -(Buku The Chinese Dilemma - Ye Lin-Sheng)

7.Isu Tuan Rumah:
"Siapakah Tuan Rumah Negara Malaysia? Ia adalah orang Melayu selaku Tuan Rumah , dan orang Cina dan India sebenarnya hanya
lah sbg tetamu ataupun dipanggil menumpang kerana tiada tempat. Orang Cina Malaysia sepatutnya berasa malu kerana telah datang secara asal untuk menjadi pekerja dan selepas diberi Kerakyatan.... Akhirnya mereka cuba hendak merampas serta menindas Tuan Rumah (Bangsa Melayu). Sudahlah mereka datang dengan jumlah yang besar dan ramai. Jika saya (Ye Lin-Sheng, penulis Buku) adalah orang Melayu, saya tidak akan membenarkan Perlembagaan dan Sosial Kontrak dicabar. Saya akan merasakan maruah dan penghormatan saya akan tercalar" -(Buku The Chinese Dilemma - Ye Lin-Sheng)

8.Orang Melayu sebenarnya sedang dijajah oleh Cina:
"Tetapi itulah keistimewaan orang Melayu, mereka adalah satu Bangsa yang bersopan santun dan kaya dgn kesabaran.. Sudahlah mereka bersusah payah Berjuang bermati matian untuk membebaskan diri dari Jajahan Barat. Sekarang mereka perlu bersusah payah pula untuk merampas dari orang Cina yang memegang kuasa ekonomi di Tanah airnya.. Sepatutnya orang Cina yang perlu berbakti kepada orang Melayu kerana mereka sudah diberi peluang utk mendapat kerakyatan, tetapi saya selaku orang asal dari negara China berasa malu dengan sikap Bangsa saya sendiri yang tinggal di Malaysia. Tidak ada perkataan yang dapat saya berikan kerana dasar orang Cina Malaysia terlalu keras, Ekstrim serta Perkauman. Kami sendiri orang yang tinggal di China tidak lagi menerima ideologi Komunis, tetapi orang Cina di Malaysia lebih selesa untuk mengamal serta menyebarkan ideologi Komunis sehingga kini.. Sebenarnya jujur saya mengatakan orang Cina Malaysia sedang Menjajah Orang Melayu... Mereka seperti menganggap bahawa orang Melayu adalah musuh mereka yang nyata" -(Buku The Chinese
Dilema)..