Tuesday, 30 September 2014

The free speech conundrum - IVANPAL SINGH GREWAL

Though I don't agree with Ivanpal  that the Sedition Act should be repealed and be replaced by a new Act, I fully agree that Democracy should also protect those who can be hurt by the unbridled freedom of expression. Read on:

'Absolute freedom of speech cannot sustain itself and people must be responsible for their utterances' 

'Democracy must not only protect the right to speak freely but it must also protect those who can potentially be hurt by unbridled freedom of speech'
Ivanpal Singh Grewal

The free speech conundrum

BY IVANPAL S.GREWAL

Democracy should also protect those who can be hurt by the unbridled freedom of expression.

LIKE most Malaysians, I have closely followed recent spate of arrests made under the Sedition Act 1948.

I have sought to understand the issue of free speech better and being in government I also appreciate the concerns the police and other law and order agencies have when it comes to balancing the right to speak freely against the concerns of public order and security.

Democracy is a balance between the rights of the many and the rights of the few. Democracy is sometimes a noisy process where extremists use the very rights of free speech and expression to defeat democratic values.

Democracy is not a new concept and has its roots in Ancient Greece in fact. Over the centuries, it was been abused and sometimes altogether dismantled but with the end of the Cold War it is now the default choice for most governments in the world.

Malaysia is a parliamentary democracy with three branches of government i.e. the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. We have elections every five (5) years and over the span of fifty-five (55) years, state governments have changed in seven (7) states. This can be considered the formative aspect of our democracy; and this means we are democratic in form and we ensure suffrage at regular intervals so citizens can choose their leaders unencumbered and in complete security.

The substantive aspects of our democracy are the rights that accrue to us as Malaysians, which include the right to life. Another right that has been subject to intense debate is the right to free speech and expression. Malaysians are also able to avail themselves of these rights through the judicial process.

For democracies to be fully functional, as ours, it must be both a formative and substantive democracy.

Hence, it begs the question when and how do we draw the line when it comes to freedom of expression. Our Federal Constitution is indeed a grand compromise that has engendered a relative period of peace and tranquillity despite the challenges of ethnic, religious, linguistic and cultural diversity. Many less diverse societies have actually failed because they have are unable to manage their differences and build on its strengths.

In fact the German Chancellor and the British Prime Minister on separate occasions have proclaimed that multiculturalism have failed in their respective countries because they have failed to integrate their minorities and this has caused a serious case of social exclusion.

With historical antecedents and more recent experiences as a guide, the duty of the government is to then manage our diversity and balance it against our democratic values and fundamental liberties.

Freedom of speech cannot be absolute as it is not absolute in event the most progressive democracies. As far back as 1920’s, the famous American jurist, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. remarked that “...the most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theatre and causing panic.”

Malaysia is compelled to employ a higher degree of restriction given our diversity and the sensitivities of all communities.

I have been privy to many instances where the most stringent proponents of free speech have questioned the failure to use the very legal instruments they abhor to take action against individuals who have trampled on their sensitivities.

I do not think, as a society, we have reached the critical mass of democratic maturity to accept utterances that hurt us and it is imperative that the authorities discharge their duties without fear and favour and ensure parity of action.

What is more important is that we speak responsibly and we must stand by what we say and not abuse the right to speak freely. An instance of incitement against any government is wrong and can lead to disorder and chaos.

The police have a duty to protect any legitimately elected government from pernicious forces that seeks to destabilise it via extra-democratic means. This is a protection all democratic governments enjoy because democratic latitudes cannot be employed to achieve undemocratic ends because that would not only be an affront to democratic principles but a complete defeat of the system of democracy.

I echo my party’s stand and support the eventual repeal of the Sedition Act 1948. I do not believe that in this day and age such an act can effectively counter the challenges of free speech and the threat to democratic values whilst at the same time ensuring Malaysians enjoy the fundamental liberties that accrue to them as citizens of Malaysia.

I support the Prime Minister’s proposal for an enactment of a new piece of legislation that will balance the right to free speech and expression with our right to live in peace, harmony and stability. However, any piece of legislation must be syndicated with all interested parties and cannot be monopolised or manipulated by individuals or organisations that are inherently and unabashedly partisan with obvious political compulsions.


I also believe that this process must not be hurried for the sake of political expediency so that is why the time line laid out by the Prime Minister’s Office is not only feasible but completely practical.

However, until we are bestowed with a new piece of legislation that is accepted by all parties, the police have to use the present legal instruments available to them and criticising them for it is mischievous.

The government cannot afford to straightjacket itself until a new piece of legislation to address irresponsible speech and incitement. I am certain a vast majority of peace loving Malaysians agree with this approach.

In summation, free speech must also be balanced against the inherent challenges societies face. Absolute freedom of speech cannot sustain itself and people must be responsible for their utterances. Democracy must not only protect the right to speak freely but it must also protect those who can potentially be hurt by unbridled freedom of speech.

Read in full here.

I think the Sedition Act should not be repealed, it is the one effective barrier that would stop an ethnically and religiously mixed country like ours from going on the road to perdition, instead the existing Sedition Act should be strengthened and improved to prevent abuse of its application, that is all.

Monday, 29 September 2014

'The young find it difficult to afford a home'..Not just the young the old too!

'Salaries of young adults, especially those under the age of 30, are too low to be able to afford most properties within the Klang Valley'
Licensed financial adviser and syariah financial advisory for Excellentte Consultancy Jeremy Tan

'Government needs to stem the rapid rise of property prices due to false demand and excessive speculation.

“Ensure a steady supply of affordable properties to cater to the demands of the lower- and middle-income segments. Prevent a “homeless generation” from emerging that will result in many social problems (and) prevent our young from drowning in debt'
National House Buyers Association (HBA) honorary secretary-general Chang Kim Loong

“The biggest culprit are the developers who used to offer cheap entry costs, such as up to 100% loans, legal fees and/or stamp duty absorption and the DIBS. Many people who had bought a property at that time were those who couldn’t afford it or did not need to own a house.

“Because of this, everybody rushed to buy primary properties and the prices just went higher and higher. For instance, a semi-detached house that used to fetch between RM650,000 and RM800,000 in 2008 now costs RM1.6mil. How can the price jump 100% in just five years?”
Malaysian Institute of Estate Agents (MIEA) president Siva Shanker 



BY EUGENE MAHALINGAM





THE removal of the developer interest-bearing scheme (DIBS) in Budget 2014 last year was supposed to help curb speculation in the property market, where prices, especially of residential properties in prime locations, have risen beyond the means of most ordinary wage earners.

However, for first-time house buyers, whose earnings usually fall in the range of between RM3,000 and RM4,000, the removal of the DIBS has simply made life more difficult.

This segment of house buyers finds that it is now much harder to acquire their dream home. This is because under the DIBS, they could have placed a down payment of a certain amount and not pay anything until the property was completed; usually between 24 and 36 months.

Take Razif, a 28-year-old executive who earns RM4,500 a month, for instance. He lives with his parents and has been planning to move out for a while now. Unfortunately, the potential properties that have caught his eye so far have been way above his budget.

“I can’t seem to find a house or apartment that I can afford. They’re just so expensive and I also don’t want to live in a place that’s too far away from the city where I work,” says Razif.

“My parents are already retired and I wouldn’t want to burden them with any requests for financial assistance,” he adds.

Many genuine first-time buyers, especially fresh graduates or individuals under 30, face a similar plight as Razif.


Licensed financial adviser and syariah financial advisory for Excellentte Consultancy Jeremy Tan says salaries of young adults, especially those under the age of 30, are too low to be able to afford most properties within the Klang Valley.

“As a general rule, the loan should not take up more than one-third of your monthly salary. Most young adults are usually already paying for their car loans, which is compounded by other obligations such as income tax deductions and Employees Provident Fund and Socso contributions. Hence, they can’t qualify for a loan.”

MyFP Services Sdn Bhd managing director Robert Foo notes that it is difficult for young adults to buy a house these days, unless their parents “chip in”.

“Unfortunately for young adults, they have to either find something a bit more affordable or wait until they start earning more money. Another alternative is to buy the property in joint names.”

Bleak house

National House Buyers Association (HBA) honorary secretary-general Chang Kim Loong, in his article Affordable housing: The buzzword, notes that the average household is finding it ever more difficult to buy their own property, with the ever-rising property prices coupled with the rising cost of living.

“The prospect of buying a suitable house is looking bleak. The average rakyat is struggling to purchase their dream house amid the ever-rising prices of properties, which have far outpaced the increase in salaries.

“Young adults are unable to afford a reasonable, suitable and liveable house that doesn’t require either taking out a back-breaking bank loan or moving out to a distant and bland housing estate that involves mind-numbing daily commutes.”

Chang adds that young adults are slowly becoming a “homeless generation”.

“Mind you, they are the future economic drivers of the city. Hence, the Government must take concrete and proactive measures to curb the unbridled escalation of house prices.”

Chang says the Government needs to stem the rapid rise of property prices due to false demand and excessive speculation.

“Ensure a steady supply of affordable properties to cater to the demands of the lower- and middle-income segments. Prevent a “homeless generation” from emerging that will result in many social problems (and) prevent our young from drowning in debt.”

Malaysian Institute of Estate Agents (MIEA) president Siva Shanker says one of the biggest reasons many young adults cannot afford to buy properties today is due to the upswing in property prices over the past few years.

“The biggest culprit are the developers who used to offer cheap entry costs, such as up to 100% loans, legal fees and/or stamp duty absorption and the DIBS. Many people who had bought a property at that time were those who couldn’t afford it or did not need to own a house.

“Because of this, everybody rushed to buy primary properties and the prices just went higher and higher. For instance, a semi-detached house that used to fetch between RM650,000 and RM800,000 in 2008 now costs RM1.6mil. How can the price jump 100% in just five years?”

Siva says this is a classic case of “unnatural growth fuelled by unnatural demand”.

“Greed has pushed the market up to unreasonable levels,” he says.

A change in strategy

Siva believes that today’s young adults, especially the Gen-Y group of individuals, need to “restrategise” and “change their psyche”.

“Today’s generation does not have what I call the ‘trade-up’ mentality. Instead of buying something affordable and then upgrading from there, they want to go straight for something with class that they can’t afford.

“Instead of buying something that costs, say, RM300,000, they aim for something that retails at RM600,000, which they cannot afford. So, what do they do? They save and save, but by the time they can afford it, the price has gone up to maybe RM800,000!”

Siva says that if they had purchased the RM300,000 property in the first place, they could have waited for it to appreciate to RM500,000 and then sell it and use the difference to buy a more expensive house later.

“You can get a medium-cost apartment for less than RM200,000 in Desa Pandan, which is less than 4km away from KLCC. But when they have a look and see that the place is not ideal, they back off. Who says there are no affordable properties to buy?

“If buyers are not picky or choosy, then there are, in fact, many properties that they can buy. There’s no such thing as an ideal home. You buy one and make it your ideal home.”



Friday, 26 September 2014

The Kajang Move: It ain't over till the fat lady sings

Here's the latest news:


Will the humiliation of getting only 3 exco post for PAS break the camel's back and force PAS go its own way leaving DAP and PKR in the shameless circus they called Pakatan Rakyat?

or

Will PAS eat the shit dish out by PKR and DAP and suffer fools gladly and just forever remain a donkey just to get non Muslim votes from DAP?

Here is what my blogger sifu say on the latest move by what is now confirmed a remote controlled MB Azmin Ali:

Belittling, Demotion And Punishment Of PAS: A Fool On The Hill!



Hold on to your seats and popcorn people, I believe the Kajang Move is not about to be over in fact, I think it will be prolonged until Anwar Ibrahim move to his new home in Sg. Buloh Jail at the end of October 2014 at the very least.


Prejudis kaum di sektor swasta - Dr Mashitah Ibrahim

Just to share:

Prejudis kaum di sektor swasta

DR MASHITAH IBRAHIM
26 September 2014

SATU kajian empiris menunjukkan wanita di Malaysia umumnya adalah 18 peratus lebih kaya daripada lelaki. Satu sebab ialah wanita lebih pandai menyimpan duit atau pendapatan berbanding lelaki.

Mungkin ada yang mempertikai, tapi inilah hasil kajian Dr Muhammed Abdul Khalid yang dicetak dalam buku The Colour of Inequality: Ethnicity, Class, Income and Wealth in Malaysia.

Beliau memperoleh doktor falsafah (magna cum laude) dari Institute d’etudes Politiques de Paris dan ijazah sarjana ekonomi dari Universiti Malaya. Beliau juga mendapati pasangan berkahwin secara purata memiliki 37 peratus lebih banyak harta berbanding perseorangan.

Logiknya, gabungan pendapatan suami dan isteri meningkatkan kemampuan mereka untuk memiliki harta atau aset berbanding individu. Tapi tidak semua orang yang berkahwin adalah kaya. Dalam kalangan pasangan berkahwin kategori miskin, mereka secara purata adalah 41 peratus lebih miskin daripada yang tidak berkahwin.

Tanggungan keluarga, kekangan kewangan dan tanggungjawab yang lebih mengehadkan keupayaan mereka untuk mengumpul harta. Menariknya, kajian beliau menunjukkan mereka yang telah bercerai (janda atau duda) masih memiliki 25 peratus lebih banyak harta berbanding orang bujang.

Kajian Dr Muhammed, mantan felo penyelidik di UKM dan penganalisis kanan di ISIS, mendapati 90 peratus penduduk negara ini tidak mempunyai sebarang simpanan, manakala 60 peratus tidak memiliki apa-apa aset pelaburan. Kemiskinan dan kekangan kewangan adalah puncanya.

Tidak seperti golongan kelas pertengahan dan tinggi: kajian menunjukkan kenaikan satu peratus pendapatan boleh meningkatkan kekayaan isi rumah pada kadar lapan peratus. Perbandingan kekayaan berdasarkan etnik menunjukkan kaum Cina dan India umumnya adalah masing-masing 45 peratus dan 39 peratus lebih kaya daripada kaum Melayu.

Kajian Dr Muhammed, kini pengarah penyelidik di sebuah organisasi pemikir, mendapati orang Cina pada 2009, secara purata, sudah memiliki 2.5 kali ganda lebih banyak harta menjelang umur 25 tahun berbanding Melayu, kemungkinan besar melalui pewarisan harta pusaka.

Walaupun ini tidak meliputi semua orang Cina, kajian menunjukkan antara 52 dan 81 peratus kekayaan terkumpul orang Cina yang dikaji adalah berpunca daripada pemindahan harta daripada ibu bapa mereka.

Satu lagi faktor ialah diskriminasi terhadap kaum Melayu dalam sektor swasta. Perkara ini mempunyai kesan besar ke atas pendapatan (sekali gus, kekayaan dan kemampuan memiliki harta) Melayu kerana 90 peratus pekerjaan adalah di sektor swasta yang dikuasai kaum Cina.

Tindakan majikan Cina menetapkan kefasihan berbahasa Mandarin sebagai syarat kerja dalam negara yang mana bahasa Melayu adalah bahasa kebangsaan dianggap prejudis. Bagi majikan Cina, faktor kaum lebih penting daripada faktor kelayakan.

Kajian Lee Hwok Aun dan Muhammed Abdul Khalid mendapati: “Overall, Chinese are 5.3 times more likely than Malays to be called for an interview despite both having the same characteristics such as CGPA, education level etc meaning that, while grade or academic qualifications matter, race matters more.

Interestingly, (we) also find that even crucial skills such as proficiency in Chinese dialects only marginally increase the chances of Malay applicants in securing a job interview. (It cannot be discounted that) racial prejudice is a motivating factor.” (Kertas kerja dibentang di Universiti Malaya pada 2 November 2012).

Pemerhatian dan konklusi Lee dan Muhammed memperkukuhkan kenyataan Branco Milanovic yang mendapati “being Chinese, with all other attributes the same, resulted in almost 23% wage premium compared to being a Malay.” (Dalam Inequality and Determinants of Earnings in Malaysia 1984-1997, Asian Economic Journal, Jun 2006 hal 19). Ini adalah satu keadaan yang tidak adil dan perlu diberi perhatian berat oleh semua pihak berkaitan.

Teori baharu mengenai pertumbuhan berhujah bahawa pendapatan (dan pemilikan aset) juga bergantung pada tahap pendidikan, pengalaman, kemahiran dan teknologi. Jika ini diambil kira, jelas kaum Cina tetap memiliki kelebihan berbanding kaum lain di negara ini kerana kekayaan dan penguasaan sumber ekonomi meningkatkan peluang dan keupayaan mereka untuk mendapat pendidikan, kemudahan dan peluang perniagaan yang lebih baik.

Disebabkan majoriti masyarakat Cina tinggal di bandar, mereka mempunyai akses yang lebih luas kepada teknologi, infrastruktur, jaringan perdagangan dan pelbagai kemudahan.

Join me to buy to buy at MPH..... 
Dr Muhammed Abdul Khalid book; The Colour of Inequality: Ethnicity, Class, Income and Wealth in Malaysia.

Friday, 19 September 2014

Warkah kepada Dato’ KPPN - Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara @jpnm_official

Kepada    : Yang diHormati  Dato’ KPPN @jpnm_official - Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara

Daripada : Eddy bin Daud

Tarikh     : 19 hb. September 2014

Subjek     : Cadangan perbaiki prosedur penyerahan MyKad baru untuk warga Malaysia berumur 12 tahun

Di-dapati kebelakangan ini banyak peristiwa di paparkan didalam laman sosial saperti Facebook dan Twitter dan 'blog posts' yang menunjukkan segelintir orang-orang muda tidak menghormati Lagu Kebangsaan kita. Sila rujuk di sini dan sini.

Bagi mereka yang sudah berumur sudah terlambat untuk diajar kalau mereka tidak menghormati Negara Ku mereka mereka perlu di-nasihati atau didakwa mengikut Undang-Undang yang sedia ada.

Disini saya ingin mencadangkan supaya kanak-kanak yang mencapai umur 12 tahun apabila mereka memohon MyKad nanti adalah baik jika prosedur penyerahan tersebut dibuat secara formal dan beramai ramai bersama dengan Ibu/Bapa mereka.

Atur-cara majlis tidak perlu panjang sekadar:

1. Sebelum mula acara Semua Hadirin berdiri untuk menyanyi Negara Ku.


2. Di ikuti ucapan ringkas oleh Pegawai Atasan Jabatan atau Kementerian mengenai perpaduan atau perkara-perkara lain yang bersesuaian.

3.  Selepas itu setiap penerima MyKad baru akan dipanggil bergilir-gilir bersama Ibu/Bapa mereka dan penerima diminta untuk membaca ikrar Rukun Negara sebelum mereka diberi MyKad mereka yang menjadi tanda permulaan alam dewasa mereka sebagai rakyat Malaysia.


Saya berharap cadangan saya ini mendapat perhatian pihak Dato' KPPN.

Sekian. Terima Kasih.

Eddy Daud

Luaskan lagi nyanyian Negaraku, jangan setakat dipawagam-pawagam:


Thursday, 18 September 2014

Did you know why a Law Academician was charged for Sedition recently?


Law Academician Dr. Azmi Sharom was charged under the Sedition Act recently, since then there were many protests from the usual suspects and behold a Cabinet Minister Idris Jala also joined in the chorus to get the Sedition charge against Dr. Azmi dropped. 

Here is a blog post from My Massa which I copy pasted and made nice a bit for clarity, to hopefully make us understand why Dr. Azmi was charged:



AZMI SHAROM HASUT RAKYAT BENCI SULTAN


APA MOTIF AZMI SHAROM HASUT RAKYAT?


AZMI SHAROM PERSOAL KUASA PREGROGATIVE SULTAN


DIA MEMPERSOAL KEPUTUSAN MAHKAMAH


1. In the case of PP v Karpal Singh [2012], the court has classified the words uttered by Karpal Singh as having seditious tendency under Section 3 (1)(f) for the following reasons:

“Dalam perkataan-perkataan responden dalam sidang akhbarnya, secara inti patinya responden sebenarnya bercakap tentang dua perkara pokok:


(a) Tindakan DYMM Sultan Perak memecat Dato Seri Nizar di abwah perkara 16(6) Perlembagaan Negeri Perak dan


(b) Tindakan Baginda melantik Zamri sebagai Menteri Besar Perak yang baru


Sama ada disukai atau tidak, adalah jelas bahawa kedua-dua perkataan pokok tersebut adalah mengenai atau menyentuh kuasa dan prerogative DYMM Sultan perak. Lantaran itu jika perkataan-perkataan responden itu terbukti mempunyai kecenderungan bagi mempersoalkan apa-apa perkara, hak,taraf, kedudukan istimewa atau prerogative DYMM Sultan sebagai raja, yang ditetapkan atau dilindungi oleh Perkara 181 Perlembagaan Persekutuan, maka perkataan-perkataan reponden itu mempunyai kecenderungan menghasut di bawah Seksyen 3(1)(f).”


DIA PERSOAL KUASA SULTAN YANG TERMAKTUB DALAM PERLEMBAGAAN

Read the blog post in full here.

Of course the final judgement guilty or not will be up to the Court and that is where Azmi should defend himself not on the streets with demonstrations or forums or trial by media.

Krisis MB: Sultan Selangor rebukes Anwar Ibrahim for making inaccurate statements

“Thus, if Anwar doesn’t have the accurate facts, it is advised that he refrain from making inaccurate statements that may confuse the rakyat and tarnish the image of His Highness the Sultan of Selangor.”
The Istana

From the FMT today:

Sultan rebukes Anwar

PETALING JAYA: The Selangor palace today rebuked opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim for saying that the practice of naming one Menteri Besar (MB) candidate for royal approval has been the convention since 1957.

The Sultan’s private secretary, Mohamad Munir Bani, referring to a recent press release from Anwar, said, “The statement is inaccurate and confuses the rakyat.

“During the Barisan Nasional’s administration, names of candidates for the Selangor MB were presented to the Sultan by the Prime Minister during an audience.

“During this event, a few qualified candidates will be presented for His Highness’ consideration.

“The Sultan would then select one candidate from this pool of names to be appointed as the MB.”

The statement explained that in 2008, when Pakatan Rakyat gained control of Selangor, the Sultan ordered the leaders of the component parties to submit the names of potential candidates for MB and they submitted a few names.

The Sultan then asked the coalition to narrow the pool to two names. Following that, all the party leaders unanimously decided to nominate Khalid Ibrahim.
1
In 2013, when Pakatan retained Selangor, the palace, taking account of talks of replacing Khalid during the election campaign, asked for four names, but the leaders from Pakatan recommended Khalid again, although the Sultan did receive other nominations.

“Since Khalid already had the experience of being an MB, and had a good relationship with the palace, he was sworn in again as the MB,” said Munir.

He added , “It is the palace’s policy not to disclose the names and information presented to the palace as well as the selection process.

“But the current situation has forced the palace to release a statement as this matter needs clarification.
234

For the sake of everyone in Malaysia perhaps Anwar Ibrahim should retire completely from politics. Anyway perhaps the MB Crisis will have an ending soon, only we do not know who will be appointed MB of Selangor after Tan Sri Khalid Ibrahim:

Selangor MB to be sworn in on Tuesday
 | September 18, 2014
Invitations are out for the 10.00 am ceremony
jemputan sambutan Sultan

Wednesday, 17 September 2014

You could be sent to jail if you refuse to stand when our National Anthem is played


You Have Been Warned

Yang Bahalol

For YB Chong Chieng Jen, the YB stands for Yang Bahalol :



He reluctantly apologized later, hope he be investigated under the Sedition Act: 



You see Malaysian citizens like Yang Bahalol Chong is a living example why we dearly need to keep and strengthen the Sedition Act.

Monday, 15 September 2014

Selamat Hari Malaysia


16 September ada lah Hari Malaysia

Samada kita orang hitam, orang kuning, orang Melayu, orang Iban, orang Kadazan, orang Cina, orang India atau orang Nasrani….kita semua orang Malaysia!

Selamat Hari Malaysia